Gardens have long been associated with the image of paradise. The hospital of St Giles in Norwich was founded in 1246 and had a walled herb garden, kitchen garden, orchards, a landscape garden for the ‘Master’ and a ‘paradyse’ garden for the monks.
There was a close relationship between health and the environment and herbs were grown in the ‘physic garden’ for medicinal use. The raised, geometrically-shaped beds were usually enclosed within wattle or quickthorn hedges. The advantage of scented flowers to human psychology was also recognised.
In 13th century, a garden was created for Queen Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III. Instructions were issued for ‘two good high walls around the garden of the Queen so that no-one may be able to enter, with a becoming and pleasant herbary near the King’s fish-pond in which the same Queen may be able to enjoy herself…and with a gate from the herbary…into the aforesaid garden’.