Gardens have long been associated with the image of paradise. The hospital of St Giles in Norwich was founded in 1246 and had a walled herb garden, kitchen garden, orchards, a landscape garden for the ‘Master’ and a ‘paradyse’ garden for the monks.
There was a close relationship between health and the environment and herbs were grown in the ‘physic garden’ for medicinal use. The raised, geometrically-shaped beds were usually enclosed within wattle or quickthorn hedges. The advantage of scented flowers to human psychology was also recognised